3 Academic writing belongs to and builds on an existing body of knowledge
Academic work is an ongoing conversation, with new knowledge and ways of thinking about a topic being generated through engaging with pre-existing research. Writing that is ‘academic’ will relate to other scholarship, by critiquing, expanding, developing, and bringing together elements from different sources. Academic writing belongs to specific communities of scholarship (e.g. subject, department, sub-discipline), and the conventions it follows depends on its particular context.